An impaction may also be noted during a grooming session or a routine physical examination. Go Health Dog health information. A competent general practitioner veterinarian typically manages most conditions of the anal sacs in cats. Treatment with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medicine will sometimes but not always resolve the problem before an abscess that requires drainage forms. This is generally considered to be a relatively simple procedure by experienced surgeons but there are some pitfalls a pet owner should be aware of.
Factors that may lead to anal sac disorders include chronically soft bowel movement feces or stool , recent diarrhea, excessive anal gland secretions, or poor muscle tone of the anus. For instance, inflammation can cause the opening to the anal gland duct to swell and close off the exit route for the secretions. Cats experiencing conditions of the anal sac should be monitored to ensure they are improving. Creamy yellow or thin green-yellow anal sac material often is seen in animals with anal sac inflammation or infection. The frequency will depend on the patient.
Cat Anal Gland Problems: How to Identify and Treat Them
This will produce a bulkier stool that may be more effective in emptying the sac as it passes by. If an anal sac abscess forms, it must be properly treated by your veterinarian. It also can be expressed when the animal becomes excited or frightened. Additional Information. This procedure is rarely performed in cats. Anal gland disease can cause a pet's anal glands, or sacs, to become impacted, infected, and abscessed. Retained anal secretions may lead to infection.
The abscess can sometimes rupture, draining purulent material pus and blood, usually just below and to the side of the anus. If scooting continues for more than a few days after sac emptying, the sacs should be re-checked. On physical examination, we will evaluate the anal area and perform a rectal exam to determine the condition of the anal sacs. Regular monitoring of the anal glands along with regular expression emptying may prevent impaction. These sacs have multiple oil glands that empty into them continuously. Owners will often see this on the pets hind end or may find blood areas on the carpet or other resting area. The following list includes many of the more common factors contributing to anal gland conditions, but is not inclusive:.